Things to Do in Prague in December

Visiting Prague in December is a journey into a winter wonderland. The city bursts with festive charm, historical allure, and unique experiences. Whether it's the vibrant Christmas markets or the serene snowy landscapes, Prague in December has something magical for everyone.

Table of Contents

Weather in Prague in December

Prague in December is cold but magical, with temperatures typically ranging from -2°C (28°F) to 3°C (37°F). The city often sees snowfall, creating a stunning winter scene. Here's what you need to know about Prague's December weather:

Temperature Averages

Date Range Average Low (°C) Average High (°C)
Early December -1 4
Mid-December -2 3
Late December -3 2

Snowfall and Precipitation

  • Average Snowfall: Approximately 5-10 cm per month
  • Precipitation: Around 20-30 mm of rain/snow mix

Prague in December

Daylight and Sunlight

  • Average Daylight Hours: 8 hours
  • Sunlight Hours: 2-3 hours per day due to cloud cover

Packing Tips

  • Clothing: Layers, insulated coat, gloves, hat, scarf, and waterproof boots.
  • Accessories: Hand warmers, thermal socks, and a sturdy umbrella.

Prague’s December weather invites you to embrace the winter spirit, so gear up and enjoy the frosty beauty of this historic city!

Christmas Markets

Christmas Market

Prague’s Christmas markets are the heartbeat of its December charm. Here are the must-visits:

Old Town Square Christmas Market

  • Address: Old Town Square, Prague 1
  • Dates: November 27 - January 6
  • Hours: 10:00 AM - 10:00 PM (food stalls open until midnight)

The most iconic market, known for its towering Christmas tree and festive lights. Wooden huts sell everything from handmade ornaments to hearty Czech food. Enjoy live carol singing and an animal stable for kids. Free entry. More details can be found here.

Wenceslas Square Christmas Market

  • Address: Wenceslas Square, Prague 1
  • Dates: November 27 - January 6
  • Hours: 10:00 AM - 10:00 PM (food stalls open until midnight)

Located in the heart of the city, this market offers a similar festive atmosphere with a unique twist. You’ll find a variety of handmade crafts, local delicacies, and holiday performances. Free entry.

Prague Castle Christmas Market

  • Address: St. George’s Square, Prague Castle
  • Dates: November 27 - January 6
  • Hours: 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM

Set against the backdrop of the historic Prague Castle, this market features fewer crowds and traditional Czech products. Stroll through the charming stalls and enjoy the stunning views. Free entry.

Republic Square Christmas Market

  • Address: Náměstí Republiky, Prague 1
  • Dates: November 27 - January 6
  • Hours: 10:00 AM - 10:00 PM

A less crowded market with a charming atmosphere. Find local foods, crafts, and festive decorations. It's a quieter spot to enjoy the holiday spirit. Free entry.

These markets offer an enchanting experience with their festive ambiance and a variety of local products perfect for holiday shopping.

Seasonal Activities

Winter in Prague offers a plethora of activities, each promising a delightful experience.

Ice Skating

  • Popular Rink: Ovocný trh, Prague 1
  • Hours: Daily 10:00 AM - 9:00 PM
  • Cost: Free entry; skate rental available for 100 CZK

A bustling rink in the city center where locals and tourists glide under festive lights.

Classical Music Performances

St. Nicholas Church

Enjoy the rich acoustics of Prague’s historic venues with concerts featuring renowned composers like Mozart, Vivaldi, and Dvořák.

Mulled Wine (Svařák)

Mulled Wine

  • Available At: All major Christmas markets (Old Town Square, Wenceslas Square)
  • Cost: Around 50-70 CZK per cup

Warm up with a cup of svařák, a traditional mulled wine infused with spices. Perfect for warding off the winter chill while you explore the festive stalls.

These activities highlight the festive and cultural richness of Prague in December, providing memorable experiences for all visitors.

Top Attractions to Visit

December enhances the beauty of Prague’s iconic sites. Here are some must-visit attractions:

Prague Castle

Prague Castle

  • Address: Hradčany, 119 08 Prague 1
  • Hours: 6:00 AM - 10:00 PM (Grounds), 9:00 AM - 4:00 PM (Buildings)
  • Entry Fee: 250 CZK for the basic circuit

Majestic and often dusted with snow, this historical complex includes St. Vitus Cathedral and offers panoramic views of the city.

Charles Bridge

Charles Bridge

  • Address: Karlův most, Prague 1
  • Best Time to Visit: Sunrise

Stunning at sunrise with fewer tourists, this iconic stone bridge is adorned with statues and offers scenic views of the Vltava River.

Old Town Square and Astronomical Clock

Astronomical Clock

  • Address: Staroměstské nám., 110 00 Prague 1
  • Clock Show Times: Every hour from 9:00 AM to 11:00 PM

The square features a towering Christmas tree and lively market. The clock’s hourly show is a timeless attraction. Visit the Astronomical Clock for more information.

Jewish Quarter

  • Address: Josefov, Prague 1
  • Hours: 9:00 AM - 4:30 PM (varies by site)
  • Entry Fee: 350 CZK for a Jewish Museum ticket

Rich in history and culture, highlights include the Old Jewish Cemetery and the Spanish Synagogue.

Lesser Town (Mala Strana)

  • Address: Malá Strana, Prague 1

Quaint and picturesque, this area is perfect for a winter stroll with its charming streets and Baroque architecture. Explore more of Lesser Town.

Petřín Hill and Lookout Tower

View from Petřín Hill

  • Address: Petřínské sady, 118 00 Prague 1
  • Hours: 10:00 AM - 6:00 PM

Offers breathtaking views of the city, especially beautiful when covered in snow. Visit the Petřín Lookout Tower for more details.

Vysehrad Fort


  • Address: V Pevnosti 159/5b, 128 00 Prague 2
  • Hours: 6:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • Entry Fee: Free entry to grounds, 120 CZK for casemates

Historical and less crowded, this fort offers a peaceful escape with impressive architecture and panoramic views of Prague.

These attractions showcase the historical and cultural richness of Prague, made even more enchanting by the winter season.

Unique Winter Experiences

Prague in December brims with exclusive activities:

Lamplighters on Charles Bridge

Witness the traditional lighting of the gas lamps, a nostalgic ritual that adds to the bridge’s magical evening atmosphere.

Cross-Country Skiing

  • Location: Various parks and trails around Prague

An unusual but exciting way to explore the city. Popular spots include Ladronka Park and the outskirts of Divoká Šárka.

River Cruises

Vltava River

  • Location: Vltava River
  • Hours: Various times available throughout the day
  • Cost: Prices start around 350 CZK

Enjoy a different perspective of Prague from the water. Evening cruises often feature dinner and live music, making for a romantic winter experience.

Christmas Tram Ride

Christmas Tram

  • Route: Special festive route through the city
  • Dates: Typically runs from late November to early January
  • Cost: Regular tram fare applies

A festive journey through the city with trams decorated in holiday lights and festive decor. Perfect for getting into the Christmas spirit while seeing the sights.

These experiences highlight Prague's unique charm and festive spirit during the winter season, offering memorable moments for all visitors.

Food and Drink

Warm up with Prague's winter delicacies and cozy spots:

Traditional Czech Dishes


  • Goulash: A rich, hearty stew made with beef and paprika, often served with dumplings.
  • Trdelník: A sweet, cylindrical pastry coated in sugar and walnuts.
  • Hearty Stews: Varieties include svíčková (marinated beef) and bramboráky (potato pancakes).


  • Café Louvre: Národní 22, Prague 1. A historic cafe known for its elegant atmosphere and delicious hot chocolate.
  • Café Slavia: Smetanovo nábř. 2, Prague 1. Offers stunning views of the Vltava River and a classic, cozy ambiance.

Pubs and Beer Halls


  • U Fleků: Křemencova 11, Prague 1. An iconic beer hall dating back to 1499, famous for its dark lager and lively atmosphere.
  • Lokál: Dlouhá 33, Prague 1. Known for its fresh Pilsner and traditional Czech cuisine in a relaxed setting.

Enjoy these culinary delights and warm havens during your winter exploration of Prague.

Events and Festivals

December is bustling with celebrations in Prague, making it a lively and festive time to visit.

New Year's Eve

New Year's Celebrations

  • Date: December 31

Prague goes all out with fireworks and street parties. Major spots include Old Town Square, Wenceslas Square, and along the Vltava River. Expect vibrant celebrations, live music, and a spectacular midnight fireworks display over the city.

Masopust (Czech Carnival)

  • Date: Early festivities may start in December (main celebrations in February)

A traditional carnival involving parades, masks, and folk dances. Some neighborhoods may start celebrating with small events and performances.

Winter Fairs and Events

  • Various Locations: Throughout Prague

Local events bring warmth and cheer to the cold days. These include craft fairs, food festivals, and cultural performances. Check local listings for specific dates and locations.

These events and festivals add to the magical atmosphere of Prague in December, offering fun and festive activities for all ages.

Day Trips from Prague

Escape the city for a day and explore these fascinating destinations:

Cesky Krumlov

Český Krumlov

  • Distance: About 2.5 hours by bus or train
  • Cost: Bus tickets around 200-300 CZK

A fairy-tale town, especially enchanting in winter with its snow-covered medieval buildings. Highlights include the Cesky Krumlov Castle, the old town, and the picturesque streets.

Karlovy Vary

Karlovy Vary

  • Distance: Approximately 2 hours by bus or train
  • Cost: Bus tickets around 150-250 CZK

Known for its hot springs and beautiful architecture. Visit the Mill Colonnade, sip the healing waters, and explore the Moser Glass Museum.

Local Ski Resorts

  • Locations: Nearby hills such as Špindlerův Mlýn or Pec pod Sněžkou
  • Cost: Day pass for skiing around 700-1,200 CZK

Head to these resorts for skiing and snowboarding. They offer various slopes suitable for all skill levels and charming winter scenery.

These day trips provide a refreshing break from the city, each offering unique experiences and sights.

Practical Tips for Visiting

Make the most of your trip with these tips:

  • Public Transport: Use the efficient tram, bus, and metro systems. A 24-hour pass costs around 120 CZK.
  • Taxis and Ride-Sharing: Use reliable apps like Bolt or Uber.
  • Currency: The Czech koruna (CZK) is the local currency.
  • Budget Tips: Avoid currency exchange booths in tourist areas; use ATMs or banks.
  • General Safety: Prague is generally safe, but stay aware of your surroundings.
  • Pickpockets: Be vigilant in crowded areas like public transport and tourist spots.
  • Travel Apps: Google Maps for navigation, Prague Public Transport app for schedules, and for offline maps.
  • Availability: Widely available in cafes, restaurants, and public spaces.
  • Security: Use a VPN to secure your connection.
  • Basic Phrases: Learn a few Czech phrases like "Dobrý den" (Good day) and "Děkuji" (Thank you) to enhance your experience.
  • Language Apps: Duolingo or Google Translate can be handy.

These tips will help you navigate Prague smoothly and enjoy all the city has to offer.


Where to rest after a day of exploring:

Winter Accommodation Prices

  • Overview: Generally lower than peak tourist seasons, making it a great time to visit.
  • Example: A 4-star hotel in the city center can range from 1,500 CZK to 3,500 CZK per night.

Recommended Areas to Stay

  • Old Town (Staré Město): Close to major attractions and Christmas markets.
  • Lesser Town (Malá Strana): Quaint and picturesque, offering a quieter stay.
  • New Town (Nové Město): Central and vibrant, with numerous restaurants and shops.

Booking Tips

  • Advance Reservations: Book early for the best deals and availability.
  • Platforms: Use websites like or Airbnb for a variety of options.
  • Considerations: Look for accommodations with good reviews and convenient access to public transport.

These tips will help you find the perfect place to stay during your winter visit to Prague.

Photography Tips

Capture Prague’s winter beauty with these helpful tips:

Best Spots for Photos

  • Charles Bridge: Visit at sunrise to capture the stunning morning light and fewer crowds.
  • Old Town Square: Shoot at dusk when the lights start to twinkle and the Christmas market is bustling.

Winter Photography Tips

  • Use Natural Light: The soft winter light can create magical photos. Try shooting during the "golden hour" just after sunrise or before sunset.
  • Be Patient with the Weather: Winter weather can be unpredictable. Embrace the snow and overcast skies for unique, atmospheric shots.
  • Keep Equipment Warm: Cold weather can affect your camera's battery life. Keep spare batteries warm and carry a lens cloth to manage condensation.

These tips will help you make the most of Prague's picturesque winter scenery.


Prague in December is a blend of history, culture, and festive joy. Each moment spent here, whether exploring markets or wandering snow-dusted streets, is a memory in the making. Bundle up, step out, and let Prague's winter magic unfold before you.

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